In early February 2007, the Saudi authorities arrested the father of jurists, Musa Al-Qarni, along with a group of detainees as part of the “rest house cell” case. At the end of 2011 they were convicted and Al-Qarni received a 20 years’ imprisonment sentence and a ban from traveling for another 20 years another following his release. He was convicted with “disobeying the ruler and participating in a secret organization aimed at spreading chaos and gaining power, holding secret meetings to lay down the strategic plans for this organization, adopting the approach of the Kharijites in challenging the ruler’s religion, money laundering by collecting donations ”.
At the court and the prosecution, all the detainees denied all the charges raised against without tangible evidence. They met at the rest house of the lawyer Essam Basrawi to discuss establishing a human rights organisation interested in spreading human rights awareness of the citizen and they agreed to call it “The national peaceful public assembly” to make it an official association that starts its activities under an official umbrella.
This meeting was to write a political reform paper for the king, and this was their third meeting at the rest house, where they got arrested.
Many human rights sources revealed that the Saudi authorities have practiced systematic violations against the human rights defender Musa Al-Qarni, with deliberate medical negligence against him after suffering several diseases.
He faced physical and psychological torture for 12 years in his detention and due to the deliberate health negligence, he suffered a brain stroke, and then soon his mental condition worsened, to be transferred to a mental hospital.
Prisoners of Conscience published on Twitter that “We have confirmed that the detainee, Dr. Musa Al-Qarni, had a brain stroke causing him to lose his mind, due to health negligence inside the prison.”
Salam International Organization for the Protection of Human Right also confirmed the same thing, his behaviour changed where he suddenly attacked his cellmate, and was transferred to solitary confinement. After his repeated violent behaviour due to the brain stroke, he was sent to a mental hospital where he remains until now.
A Brief Summary
The academic and jurist Musa Al-Qarni was born in 1954 AD in the Jazan region. He studied at the College of Sharia in Riyadh, and got his master’s degree in the Department of Graduate Studies at King Abdul Aziz University, Makkah Branch, the Division of Jurisprudence and Its Fundamentals, specializing in the fundamentals of jurisprudence. He was appointed by The Islamic University as a teaching assistant and gave him a scholarship to study in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, before the opening of a postgraduate department at the Islamic University. He completed his phd in the fundamentals of jurisprudence at Umm Al-Qura University and obtained a doctorate degree in the field of jurisprudence with an excellent grade with first class honors.
He worked at the Islamic University as a deputy, then dean for student affairs, then as a professor of the fundamentals of jurisprudence in the College of Sharia, the College of Hadith, and the Department of Graduate Studies at the university, then head of the Department of Fundamentals of Jurisprudence at the university.
He worked a deen of the university, then an assistant professor to teach the subject of faith in the branch of Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University in Madinah, the College of Dawa and Media, and supervised and discussed a number of masters and doctoral dissertations at the Islamic University, Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University, Umm Al-Qura University and Prince Nayef Academy.
Al-Qarni supervised the Islamic Academy for Science and Technology of the International Islamic Relief Organization and the Muslim World League, and then he was appointed as a director for it, after it became the Islamic University of Science and Technology.
He supervised a number of Sharia institutes in the Afghan immigrant camps affiliated with the Islamic Charity Committee, then he was referred to retirement by a royal order, after which he worked as a lawyer.
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